A Timeline of Dr.J Jayalalithaa :
Her Early Days :
An actress-turned-politician and a six-time chief minister of Tamil Nadu (TN), Jayalalithaa started her film career as a child artist. Jayalalithaa was be referred to as Puratchi Thalaivi (Revolutionary Leader).
1961 – Jaya acted as a child artist in Kannada-movie Sri Shaila Mahathme.
1964 – She made her debut in Kannada movies as a leading role in the movie Chinnada Gombe.
1965 – She made her debut in Tamil movies as a leading role in the movie Vennira Aadai.
- Jayalalithaa was professionally trained in classical music, western classical piano, and various forms of classical dance, including Bharatanatyam, Mohiniattam, Manipuri, and Kathak.
- She has acted in more than 140 films in Tamil, Telugu, Kannada, Malayalam, Hindi, and English.
- The Films she has starred with M.G. Ramachandran (MGR) in 28 movies and with Sivaji Ganesan in 17 films, she won many awards for acting.
- The peak of Jayalalithaa’s film career occurred between 1965 and 1980. During this period, she was one of India’s highest-paid actresses and acted in over 140 films, 120 of which were blockbusters.
Her Political Journey :
- Jayalalithaa started her political career by joining All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (AIADMK) in 1982 the political party was founded by MGR.
- She was serving as a Rajya Sabha member between 1984 and 1989, She was elected after MGR wanted her in New Delhi for her fluency in English and knowledge of several languages
- After MGR’s death in 1987, she became the supremo of AIADMK in 1989.
- When MGR died in 1987, he left no clear political heir. AIADMK descended into chaos over his legacy. Jayalalithaa competed with his widow Janaki for control of the party, which eventually split into two major factions, one behind each woman.
- And she captured the power in Tamil Nadu in 1991, became the first female chief minister to serve a full term in TN.
- She resumed the office 5 times. Her tenure of 5228 days is the second-most by any female Chief Minister of India next to Sheila Dikshit (5504 days).
Her Setback Days:
- In between her tenure as chief minister for six times, Jayalalithaa was convicted and jailed in a disproportionate assets case.
- Jayalalitha was attacked brutally and molested by DMK members on 25th March 1989 in front of Chief Minister Karunanidhi and Assembly speaker. She left the assembly with her torn saree and this brought a lot of sympathy for her.
- Jayalalithaa holds the world record for hosting the largest wedding reception in the Guinness Book of World Records. She organized a lavish wedding with over 1,50,000 guests for her foster son Sudhagaran in 1995. Because of that A raid at her Poes Garden residence in Chennai in 1997 the wake of corruption charges being pressed against her reportedly led tax authorities to a massive haul of 28 kg gold, 800kg of silver, 91 watches, 750 pairs of shoes and 10,500 sarees stashed in her home.
- Jayalalithaa is the first and only incumbent chief minister of India to get disqualified from holding the office because of the disproportionate assets case in 2014.
- 11 May 2015, she was acquitted from the case by Karnataka High Court and was re-elected as the Chief Minister.
Good Schemes as a Leader:
- She introduced police stations that are fully operated by women and established 57 all-women police stations across Tamil Nadu.
- Jaya did a lot of good work, especially for women. She also introduced 30% reservation for women in all the police jobs. There are many all-women establishments by Amma in her tenure like banks, stores, libraries, etc.
- This is probably one of the most innovative welfare schemes introduced by the late CM. Under her rule, the government introduced canteens with subsidized food called Amma Unnavagam for the homeless, which is even famous and celebrated as one of the biggest welfare for the state of TN.
- The government rolled out a plethora of welfare schemes like free laptops for students, Apart from the mid-day meal scheme, Jaya introduced breakfast meals across government schools.
- In the two day Global Investors Meet event held in September 2015, the Tamil Nadu government attracted close to Rs 2.42 lakh crore in investments. Jayalalithaa was lauded for ensuring huge investments.
- She introduced the ‘Thallikku Thangam’ scheme to provide gold for mangal sutra and also financial assistance for conducting a marriage ceremony.
- Tamil Nadus experiment with the alternative water conservation technique of rainwater harvesting (RWH) is a rare success story. The RWH scheme, a brainchild of Jayalalithaa, was launched in 2001 in the parched state despite opposition from many people.
- She died on 5th December 2016 after being hospitalized for more than 75 days, and her death was shrouded in controversy.
P.S: "Jayalalithaa: A feisty leader who dominated Tamil Nadu politics for three decades.People’s leader will be remembered forever in the hearts of TN people".