Coronavirus (Covid-19) Vaccine Latest Update: Vaccines developed by Moderna Inc, China’s Sinovac Biotech, and UK’s Oxford-AstraZeneca are set to enter late-stage trials in July and subject to large-scale studies.
The raging coronavirus pandemic has affected over 81 Lakhs persons throughout the world. 440390 persons have lost their lives. The medical experts have been trying their utmost so far but yet to invent the curing medicine for the coronavirus!
The Medical Experts from Oxford University have confidently stated that a steroid medicine, Dexamethasone, cures even persons severely affected with coronavirus. They have also informed us that it is also of a reasonably low price!
This invention would be extremely useful for the poorer countries affected with severe coronavirus spread. The human body-resistance fights the coronavirus – at that time, the organs of the human body are harmed. Dexamethasone is useful in protecting these organs from the damage/harm caused during this.
The drug dexamethasone has been tried after the scientists discovered that malaria drug hydroxychloroquine did not work against the deadly virus. After hydroxychloroquine, riboflavin, and many more clinical trials, some scientists in the United Kingdom have claimed that the generic steroid drug dexamethasone has successfully favored treating the novel Coronavirus and helped reduce the death rate among severely ill people by one-third. According to a report by the IE, the results came after scientists in the UK have conducted “world’s largest randomized trial of drugs” in order to treat those who were infected with Coronavirus. The drug dexamethasone has been tried after they discovered that malaria drug hydroxychloroquine did not work against the deadly virus.
The report highlighted that the trial was done by a team at Oxford University where around 2,100 patients were given dexamethasone and their treatment was compared with around 4,300 people who did not receive the drug. As a result, death risk was reduced for one-third of patients who were on ventilators and one-fifth for those on oxygen. A report by BBC citing chief investigator Prof Peter Horby has said dexamethasone is the only drug as of now that has made a breakthrough in reducing mortality and can be used worldwide.
Dexamethasone, according to the report, is a generic steroid that is largely used in many diseases like asthma, allergies, rheumatism, and it also helps cancer patients with nausea caused due to chemotherapy. Mainly, it reduces inflammation and further supports the body’s immune system to fight COVID-19 infection. It is to note that Coronavirus can cause inflammation and steroids are used to treat it. The inflammation occurs when the body is fighting an infection which can sometimes overreact. The report asserted that this overreaction can also be fatal in some cases.
It is to note that the drug is not used on patients that do not have a severe infection or do not need ventilator/oxygen for support. Meanwhile, the report highlighted that the drug is cost-effective in the UK as it only costs 5 pounds which are needed for 10 days. In the US, the cost of this drug is $50.
One of the senior scientists of the World Health Organisation (WHO), Sowmya Swaminathan, has expressed that the invention of the application of Dexamethasone is a real inspiration and gives the confidence to win this struggle against the spreading pandemic of coronavirus.
However, it is further informed that this medicine will not be useful for those patients with only a light infection. As many of the Indian medicine manufacturers are producing Dexamethasone, information is gathered that this will be available at Rs. 10/- for 10 ml.